Flutter is an open source mobile application development SDK developed by Google. It is used to develop applications for Android and iOS and to develop applications for the Google Fuchsia operating system.
Google introduced the new open source development platform Flutter during the Mobile World Congress (MWC).
Flutter is completely free and is a sweet SDK that all developers can contribute to. You can support the project at the following address: Flutter Github
Using Flutter, developers can save both cost and time by developing desired applications on both platforms and developing cross-platform mobile applications. Interface designers can design more successful applications suitable for Android and iOS platforms using Flutter.
How Can I Learn Flutter?
If you don’t have any programming history to learn Flutter, don’t worry. You can easily learn Flutter by looking at Dart, which is a simple language that you can learn easily. You don’t need to learn Java or Kotlin language for Android and Swift or Objective-C language for iOS. As I mentioned above, one of the main goals for Google to release this SDK is to write an application and that application works efficiently on both platforms.
Goals of Flutter
Quick reinstallation of Flutter helps you quickly and easily experiment, create user interfaces, add new features, and troubleshoot errors more quickly. It works quickly on emulator, simulator and hardware for iOS and Android apps, without wasting time.
Satisfy your users with Flutter’s built-in and beautiful design Android Material Design and Cupertino (iOS-flavor) widgets, rich motion APIs, platform awareness.
You can easily develop your UI (User Interface) with Flutter’s modern reactive, useful framework and rich platform, layout and basic widget set. You can solve powerful UI challenges for 2D, animation, effects and more with powerful and flexible APIs.
General Features of Flutter
- Flutter is a flexible SDK and can be easily operated in Windows, Linux or Mac environments.
- Flutter is a rich SDK with Mobile-first 2D rendering engine, react-style framework, widget support used on Android and iOS platform.
- Flutter, in its structure, enables the development of effective applications for both platforms with the help of Material Design and Cupertino (iOS style) widgets and themes.
- Flutter has a real-time editing feature called Hot reload, which is not available in many development environments. With Hot Reload, developers can instantly see the reflections of their changes in the application as they prepare or edit their applications.
- With lutter, you can develop mobile applications for Android Jelly Bean v16 and above. On the iOS side, you can develop applications for iOS 8 and higher. On the hardware side, you can develop SDK supporting Android’s ARM processors, and on the iOS side, you can develop mobile applications suitable for iPhone5s and above devices that support 64-bit processor architecture.
Flutter adopts the declarative programming paradigm, just as React Native does with React. In other words, the structures that the developer is in direct contact with (StatefulWidget, StatelessWidget, InheritedWidget, BuildContext etc.) are designed with this logic. And you do interface development (ui-as-code) with programming language, similar to JSX syntax in React.
Flutter offers bundled plugins consisting of many tools for both Android Studio and Visual Studio Code. It turns into a small IDE with VSCode Flutter plug-in, which we know as editor. For example, Dart Analyzer is one of the tools offered.
Apart from that, let’s add that Dart was developed by Google and even additions and improvements were made especially considering Flutter. As an example of the Dart 2.3 changes announced in Google I/O 2019.
Dart is a static type, compiled, OOP oriented language that supports many functional programming structures. Apart from its basic features, the fact that Dart is a language focused on direct interface development is seen as an important advantage for Flutter today and in the future.